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Ethics & Legal

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Relevant Singapore Law

HUMAN CLONING AND OTHER PROHIBITED PRACTICES ACT 2004
An Act to prohibit the placing of a human embryo clone in the body of a human or an animal and certain other practices associated with human reproductive technology.

Bioethics Advisory Committee (Singapore)

The BAC was established by the Singapore Cabinet in December 2000. It was tasked to address the ethical, legal and social issues arising from biomedical sciences research in Singapore. BAC actively gathers information and views from the international and local community, and after careful deliberation, makes recommendations to the Government of Singapore’s Steering Committee on Life Sciences. As well as providing a rich resource of Consultation Papers and Articles (listed on their website) they also generate Reports on specific issues that include recommendations for the research community in Singapore. To date, there have been seven reports prepared by the BAC. These are as follows:

  1. Ethical, Legal and Social Issues in Human Stem Cell Research, Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning (21 Jun 2002)
  2. Human Tissue Research (12 Nov 2002)
  3. Research Involving Human Subjects: Guidelines for IRBs (23 Nov 2004)
  4. Genetic Testing and Genetic Research (25 Nov 2005)
  5. Personal Information in Biomedical Research (7 May 2007)
  6. Donation of Human Eggs for Research (3 Nov 2008)
  7. Human-Animal Combinations in Stem Cell Research (22 Sep 2010)
Institutional Review Boards (IRB)
Institutional Review Boards (IRB), also referred to as the Research Ethics Committee in some countries, reviews, approves and monitors ethical aspects of research projects that involve human subjects and human tissues/cells/data. Their main objective is to protect the rights and welfare of human research subjects in research activities. The links to local IRBs are:

NUS IRB (A*Star Institutes are supported by this IRB)
SingHealth IRB

Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC)
Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUC) are responsible for ensuring the oversight and evaluation of animal care and use programmes of an institution, and is responsible for ensuring that the care and use of the animals for scientific purposes and all animal experimental procedures are in compliance with the National Advisory Committee For Laboratory Animal Research (NACLAR) Guidelines. The Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority of Singapore (AVA) carries out regular inspections of animal facilities to ensure NACLAR guidelines are being followed. Links to some of Singapore’s IACUCs are as follows:


International

International Society for Stem Cell Research (ISSCR) Ethics & Public Policy

StemGen
- a research database concerning the socio-ethical and legal aspects of stem cell research

Genetics Policy Institute
- nonprofit organization dedicated to establishing a positive legal framework to advance stem cell research

2009 Guidelines on Stem Cell Research (NH, United States government)


 

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